From the early period of post-Cold War world order in the last decade of 20th century, through challenges and changes over the two decades...
From the early period of post-Cold War world order in the last decade of 20th century, through challenges and changes over the two decades of 21st century, Turkey’s foreign policy has been characterized by the need and ability to adapt to the changing, and ever deteriorating global conditions. Changes in the structure and nature of international order and the way Turkish foreign policy evolved are directly related. During the initial period of undisputed unipolar order, Turkey shaped its foreign policy in a way to align its national goals with the main Western partners and alliances. But, as the international system gradually moved from unipolarity to the current “unfinished new system”, characterized by renewed competition and confrontation among a rising number of actors, Turkey started to pursue multi-dimensional and multidirectional foreign policy strategy and practice.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, the international community has faced numerous security challenges, including unstoppable waves of migration,više
Egypt’s geographical position has always made it a central player in the Middle East and Africa. As the Arab Spring uprisings in 2011 marked...više